Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society [William Henry Scott] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This book presents a. By William Henry Scott by christine_biala in Types > School Work. WILLIAM HENRY SCOTT (), distinguished scholar and leading historian on the Cordilleras and prehispanic Philippines, graduated.

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Among surviving sixteenth-century sources, there happen to be more voluminous data on Visayan culture than on the rest of the Philippines combined.

Root Crops Among their many root crops, or tubers, the one the Visayans considered most nutritious was taro Colocasiawhich required moist soil, even mud or standing water, and had large shield-shaped leaves. More than a dozen varieties of abaca were grown, but wild abaca and other hemplike fibers, including buri leaves, were also woven into cloth.

All foreign vessels with high freeboard were called adyong — that is, Malay jong. Miguel de Loarca gave a four-month schedule for preparing swiddens beginning in June — that is, when the Pleiades first appeared — which would presumably have been planted in September. Mimi Caber rated it it was amazing Feb 07, Beyer also gave little consideration to the fact that cultures are dynamic, not static, that they survive through change, adjustment, innovation, development, and bor- rowing.

Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Phiippine Culture and Society

There are red ones and white. It made gauze-thin pudong whose loose ends heroes let carelessly fall over their shoulders to flap in the breeze.

Rather it seeks to answer the question: And she could interrupt her work I of gold. Visayan jewelry came in a bewildering variety of forms and styles.

There is nothing you can see Except the flashing of crimson. The Bikolanos used a kind of little plate or tablet called sipit, or a padded one called saop. University of Queensland Library.

Barangay: Sixteenth-century Philippine Culture and Society – William Henry Scott – Google Books

In time, the mother tongue from which daughter dialects and languages are derived will disappear, but linguists can theoretically reconstruct such extinct protolanguages by comparing the similarities between the living languages which are descended from them. There was avariety of nets. From this exercise, they are able willia, construct a family tree which shows the baranngay of the languages belonging to the family as a kind of genealogy.


A reference by English corsair Thomas Cavendish in is suggestive in this connection. IP the case of feeding workers in exchange scltt group labor, the meat and fish were piled in mounds called bonedo literally, anthills by families or neighborhoods.

The Spaniards were in the Visayas fifty years before they reached Luzon, and they recorded their observations with the enthusiasm of new discoveries. For three days before, harvesters had to remain continent and keep away from firtt Neither could outsiders enter the house: By the time of Spanish advent, Austronesian speakers had occupied the whole archi- pelago, absorbing or displacing the sparse populations already present, as their original tongue diversified into three main branches: Early Spanish descriptions dcott the impression that Visayan men wore long robes which covered them from neck to ankle.

Oars gaorhowever, had a blade shaped like a dinner plate. The baranay important tool manufactured, repaired, or retempered by the blacksmith was the bolo. Of course, they would have been unable to recognize any descendants of Chinese who dressed like indios and spoke Philippine languages.

The blade had a tang for halting into the wooden handle, and was held firm with resinous sap and a ring of rattan or metal. All carpentry and house construction were done by skillful joinery without saws or nails.

Bakar Bunyag Damus or napon Gibo Habuk Kahig Koyog Lalong Pusok Sandol Sun-ad or sunag Tagbungor hamugdas To till the soil by any method To water plants by sprinkling A field of root crops A crude broom for sweeping a field To cultivate the soil for planting with a bolo A rake or harrow To plant trees, vines, bananas, or camotes in rows To transfer a whole plant, including the roots with soil attached To plant a whole field to one crop or one kind scort tree A paganilo religious rite for rain in time of drought A transplanted willaim To plant something whole, sctot a coconut Camote The camote, or sweet potato Ipomoea batataswas native to tropical America, and is not to be confused with the common potato, Solarium tuberosum.


Betel Nut Betel nut is the fruit of the areca palm, and is chewed together with a leaf scogt the betel piper vine, from which it has borrowed its name. In addition, there was a variety of huts balay-balay and temporary shelters for hunters, barabgay, and travelers. Hair Hairstyles usually differed between one community and another and could go in and out of fashion quickly.

Earrings with or without pendants were held by thin gold pins run through the ear and fastened behind, but earplugs required holes as wide as two fingers, or lobes distended into loops through which a person could stick his fist.

As Father Alcina a, 3: Geologists question the existence of the land bridges; archaeologists dcott fit lithic finds into his categories; anthropologists demand skeletal remains to determine human stature; prehistorians are persuaded of the antiquity of trade contacts in Southeast Asia; and linguists believe that people speaking Philippine languages were living in the archipelago thousands of years ago.

Scholarly friars also speculated on the origins of the Filipino people. Tying these fibers together with fine knots to i oduce thread was the first task little girls learned to perform. But Chinese brass or copper? The section on the Visayas, for instance, discusses physical appearance, food and farming, trades and commerce, religion, literature and entertainment, natural sci- ence, social organization, byy warfare.

Scent so breathtakingly strong, Odor so sweet, Flowing along brooks and streams, Drifting along the rivers Bartelines Sarawak wanted their children to grow up moon-faced and the Mma a of Celebes formerly restricted binding with a forehead boaid to the nobd ity.